TCPA Omnibus Declaratory Ruling and Order includes the following declarations:
FCC Strengthens Consumer Protections Against Unwanted Calls and Texts
Released: June 18, 2015
FCC STRENGTHENS CONSUMER PROTECTIONS
AGAINST UNWANTED CALLS AND TEXTS
Commission Responds to Requests from Businesses and Attorneys General for
Guidance on Robocall Blocking, Autodialers, Recycled Phone Numbers and More
WASHINGTON, June 18, 2015 – The Federal Communications Commission today adopted a
proposal to protect consumers against unwanted robocalls and spam texts. In a package of
declaratory rulings, the Commission affirmed consumers’ rights to control the calls they receive.
As part of this package, the Commission also made clear that telephone companies face no legal
barriers to allowing consumers to choose to use robocall-blocking technology.
The rulings were informed by thousands of consumer complaints about robocalls the FCC
receives each month. Complaints related to unwanted calls are the largest category of complaints
received by the Commission, numbering more than 215,000 in 2014.
Today’s action addresses almost two dozen petitions and other requests that sought clarity on how
the Commission interprets the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), closing loopholes
and strengthening consumer protections already on the books. The TCPA requires prior express
consent for non-emergency autodialed, prerecorded, or artificial voice calls to wireless phone
numbers, as well as for prerecorded telemarketing calls to residential wireline numbers.
The rulings provide much needed clarity for consumers and businesses. Highlights for consumers
who use either landline or wireless phones include:
Green Light for ‘Do Not Disturb’ Technology
– Service providers can offer robocall-
blocking technologies to consumers and implement market-based solutions that consumers
can use to stop unwanted robocalls.
Empowering Consumers to Say ‘Stop’
– Consumers have the right to revoke their consent
to receive robocalls and robotexts in any reasonable way at any time.
Reassigned Numbers Aren’t Loopholes
– If a phone number has been reassigned,
companies must stop calling the number after one call.
– A consumer whose name is in the contacts list of an acquaintance’s
phone does not consent to receive robocalls from third-party applications downloaded by the
Additional highlights for wireless consumers include:
Affirming the Law’s Definition of Autodialer
– “Autodialer” is defined in the Act as any
technology with the capacity to dial random or sequential numbers. This definition ensures
that robocallers cannot skirt consumer consent requirements through changes in calling
technology design or by calling from a list of numbers.
Text Messages as Calls
– The Commission reaffirmed that consumers are entitled to the
same consent-based protections for texts as they are for voice calls to wireless numbers.
Internet-to-Phone Text Messages
– Equipment used to send Internet-to-phone text
messages is an autodialer, so the caller must have consumer consent before calling.
Very Limited and Specific Exemptions for Urgent Circumstances
– Free calls or texts to
alert consumers to possible fraud on their bank accounts or remind them of important
medication refills, among other financial alerts or healthcare messages, are allowed without
prior consent, but other types of financial or healthcare calls, such as marketing or debt
collection calls, are not allowed under these limited and very specific exemptions. Also,
consumers have the right to opt out from these permitted calls and texts at any time.
Today’s actions make no changes to the Do-Not-Call Registry, which restricts unwanted
telemarketing calls, but are intended to build on the Registry’s effectiveness by closing loopholes
and ensuring that consumers are fully protected from unwanted calls, including those not covered
by the Registry.
By taking action today, the Commission is embracing the opportunity afforded by the 21 requests
for clarification of the law to clearly stand with consumers against unwanted calls.
Action by the Commission June 18, 2015 by Declaratory Ruling and Order (FCC 15-72).
Chairman Wheeler and Commissioner Clyburn, Commissioners Rosenworcel and O’Rielly
approving and dissenting in part and Commissioner Pai dissenting. Chairman Wheeler,
Commissioners Clyburn, Rosenworcel, Pai and O’Rielly issuing statements.
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This is an unofficial announcement of Commission action. Release of the full text of a Commission order
constitutes official action. See MCI v. FCC. 515 F 2d 385 (D.C. Circ 1974).